Shots! – What You Should Know About Equine Vaccines and Their Diseases

Equine Vaccines - The ONTF Equestrian Blog
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Next post ya’ll! If you are just tuning in, welcome to the second installment of the Oh No There’s Flowers Equestrian Blog Series on Injections. This month’s topic- Equine Vaccines. If you missed week one you can catch up on your injection basics HERE. While you’re at it, head over to the “subscribe” page and sign up for the ONTF Equestrian Blog Newsletter. You will not only get all the latest info, but behind the scenes photos and stories too! 

Are you subscribed? GREAT! Then read on for info on the most common equine vaccines and their associated diseases. 


Equine Vaccines

Equine vaccines are probably the most common way the average horse owner will encounter an injection. And I’ll admit it, before writing this post the only things I knew about vaccinations were that I called my vet and paid the bill. But after lots and lots of late night Google sessions I discovered vaccines and their diseases are extremely complicated. I tried to condense it all down to just one post, but ff you want more info then head to the bottom of this post for my list of references!

So many questions! Where to begin? 

What is a vaccine?

  • Even this question had a complicated answer. There are three different words for ‘vaccine’:
    Vaccine – product that produces immunity from a disease and administered through injections, orally, or by aerosol.
    Vaccination – injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism.
    Immunization – process by which a person or animal becomes protected from a disease. Vaccines cause immunization.
  • In short, a vaccine is the product itself. A vaccination is the administration of the product. And finally the immunization is when the person/animal becomes protected against the disease.

How are vaccines given?

  • I highly recommended asking your veterinarian administer your horse’s vaccinations. Veterinarians buy their vaccines from reputable sources, properly store them, and hey! they went to school for 8 years to learn all about them! However, there are some owners and organizations that prefer to do their own vaccinations. In any case, the rabies vaccine can only be given be a veterinarian, so might as well have them do the whole kit and caboodle.
  • Vaccines are most often given intra muscularly, into the large muscles of the neck. There are also a few vaccines (like Equine Influenza) that are given in the horse’s nose (Think Flonase!). And luckily for your horse, there currently are no recommended intravenous vaccines for equines.

Does every horse get the same vaccines?

  • All horses do not get the same vaccines. Factors such as age, job, location, and boarding situation all affect the vaccines your veterinarian might recommend for your horse.

What do they protect against?

  • And that, gentlewomen and gentlemen, brings us to the main point! Although I used to be able to rattle off a few common vaccines, I had no idea what kind of diseases they protected against. What I learned shocked me and hope you guys can put to good use the info in this post. As always if you have any questions please leave a comment, shoot an email, or message the ONTF Equestrian Blog on Facebook!
  • The list below is not a complete list. Consult with your vet on what vaccine your horse needs.

Rabies - The ONTF Equestrian Blog

Tetanus - The ONTF Equestrian Blog

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Nile Virus - The ONTF Equestrian Blog

Encephalitis - The ONTF Equestrian BlogRhino - The ONTF Equestrian BlogPotomac Horse Fever - The ONTF Equestrian BlogInfluenza - Equine Vaccines - The ONTF Equestrian Blog

Want more information?

  1. Rabies
  2. Tetanus
  3. West Nile Virus
  4. Encephalitis
  5. Rhinopneumonitis
  6. Potomac Horse Fever
  7. Influenza
  8. General

As I started writing this post the winter storm Stella pummeled the East Coast. My home town saw over 16″ in just 24 hours. On the West Coast it barely got into the 50s and POURED all day. But despite the weather it is April. Holy bajesus….April and it is time for spring vaccines. If you missed last month’s post you can catch up on equine injection basics HERE. As always please share this post on Facebook, Pinterest, and with family and friends.

Happy Trails,

The Oh No There's Flowers Blog

 

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